Noto Antica - the remains of the ancient city Noto, destroyed 11 January 1693

Eyewitness: "Then came an earthquake so horrible and ghastly that the soil undulated like the waves of a stormy sea, and the mountains danced as if drunk, and the city collapsed in one miserable moment killing more than a thousand people."

(As quoted by Stephen Tobriner: The Genesis of Noto: An Eighteenth-century Sicilian City)

Noto Antica was a city of Sicel origin; Sicel tombs can be seen to the left as you approach the ruined city. Noto Anica lies about 10 kilometres to the north of the baroque city. It was built on Mount Alveria. The Romans called it Netum.

According to legend, Daedalus stopped here after his flight over the Ionian Sea, as well as Hercules, after his seventh task. In the Roman era, it opposed praetor Verres.

In 866 it was conquered by the Arabs, who made it a capital city of one of three districts of the island (the Val di Noto).

In 1091, it became the last Muslim stronghold in Sicily to fall to the Normans.

"The scant ruins, reduced to rubble and overgrown, are very romantic and provide inspiration for artists, photographers and writers," The Blue Guide Sicily states (p. 352). To me, Noto Antica was one of the few disappointments during my stay in Sicily in 2015. I found few visually interesting motives to photograph, and felt that the place lacked intensity.

 

high wall, Noto Antica

Part of the high wall in Noto Antica, next to the Parking.

Photo: Per-Erik Skramstad / Wonders of Sicily

 

 

Chiesa e Collegio dei Gesuiti, Noto Antica

Chiesa e Collegio dei Gesuiti, Noto Antica.

Photo: Per-Erik Skramstad / Wonders of Sicily

 

 

Tourist information at Noto Antica

Tourist information at Noto Antica.

Photo: Per-Erik Skramstad / Wonders of Sicily

 

 

Noto Antica: Sicel tombs

Noto Antica was a city of Sicel origin; Sicel tombs from c. 9th century BC can be seen to the left as you approach the city.

Photo: Per-Erik Skramstad / Wonders of Sicily

 

 

Sicily

Map of Noto, made a couple of years before the earthquake in 1693 that destroyed the city.

Photo: Per-Erik Skramstad / Wonders of Sicily

 

 

 

Sicily

New life growing in the ruins at Noto Antica, totally destroyed by the earthquake that struck Sicily 11. January 1693. Noto was rebuilt in the baroque style, some 10 kilometres away. In the background you see the old castle. The Castello Reale dates from 1091, built by Duke Giordano, son of Roger of Altavilla. In 1430 it was expanded by Duke Peter of Aragon, and then modernized in 1545. In 1675 it was provided with guns during the Franco-Spanish war.

Photo: Per-Erik Skramstad / Wonders of Sicily

 

 

Sicily

I am not sure whether this is a prehistoric dwelling or a burial place. I saw several of these in Noto Antica.

Photo: Per-Erik Skramstad / Wonders of Sicily

 

 

Population in Noto Antica / Noto Nuovo

1630: 26,000 (uncertain) - Tobriner p. 23
1693: 12,000 (c.)
1712: 6,600
1748: 10,083
2009: 23,816

 

 

Lizard living in Noto Antica

Lizard living in Noto Antica.

Photo: Per-Erik Skramstad / Wonders of Sicily

 

 

Birdwatching in Sicily

In the spring, many migrants is passing over Sicily, so this is consider a good time for bird watching. Sicily has a long coastline with good opportunities for watching and bird photography.

The salt pans in Trapani is a good place for flamingoes, spoonbills, egrets, herons and other smaller waders.

Protected since 1984, the nature reserve Vendicari (Oasi Faunistica di Vendicari), some 10-15 minutes drive from Noto, is a wetland of great interest for its wildlife.

In the spring, many birds cross the straits between Sicily and the mainland.

Climbing Etna you can see birds of prey.

 

 

The distance between Noto and some other cities in Sicily

Noto-Palermo 303 km
Noto-Cefalù 275 km
Noto-Siracusa 38 km
Noto-Agrigento 242 km
Noto-Taormina 145 km
Noto-Catania 93 km
Noto-Trapani 402 km

 

 

The New Noto

Together with seven other cities in the Val di Noto, the baroque city Noto is listed among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

San Domenico, Noto, Gagliardi

The spectacular facade of the church of San Domenico by Rosario Gagliardi (1690-c. 1762) from Syracuse, "a unique figure who operated in isolation in south-eastern Sicily, and yet was part of the international scene." (Maria Giuffrè: The Baroque Architecture of Sicily) Gagliardi's most important work is probably the cathedral in Ragusa Ibla, Duomo di San Giorgio (built 1744-75). According to Maria Giuffrè, "the true breadth and originality of Gagliardi's architectural designs is only apparent in his numerous drawings, which were probably intended for didactic treatise, or perhaps as a personal dossier to display his ideas, and which can only rarely be associated with actual constructions."

Photo: Per-Erik Skramstad / Wonders of Sicily

 

 

Sicily

The Duomo in baroque Noto by night.

Photo: Per-Erik Skramstad / Wonders of Sicily

 

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baroque balcony in Noto

Detail of a balcony on Palazzo Nicolaci in Noto.

Photo: Per-Erik Skramstad / Wonders of Sicily

 

Built after the devastating earthquake in 1693, Noto – planned on a grid system by Giovanni Battista Landolina – has numerous baroque gems to offer tourists, from the breathtaking cathedral (duomo) with its monumental stairway to the incredibly charming baroque balconies.

 

 

Chiesa di S. Carlo, Noto, Sicily

Chiesa di S. Carlo.

Photo: Per-Erik Skramstad / Wonders of Sicily

 

 

 

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The late baroque towns of the Val di Noto in South-Eastern Sicily that are inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List

The late baroque towns of the Val di Noto in South-Eastern Sicily that are inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List are Caltagirone, Militello Val di Catania, Catania, Modica, Noto, Palazzolo, Ragusa and Scicli. These towns were all rebuilt after the earthquake in 1693 on or beside towns. According to UNESCO, they represent a considerable collective undertaking, successfully carried out at a high level of architectural and artistic achievement. Keeping within the late Baroque style of the day, they also depict distinctive innovations in town planning and urban building.

The late baroque towns inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List represents the culmination and final flowering of Baroque art in Europe. The exceptional quality of the late Baroque art and architecture in the Val di Noto lies in its geographical and chronological homogeneity, as well as its quantity, the result of the 1693 earthquake in this region. The towns were all in existence in medieval times, characteristically around a castle and with monastic foundations.

 

 

 

Sicilian Sites on UNESCO's World Heritage List

  • Agrigento: Archaeological Area of Agrigento (UNESCO)
  • Aeolian Islands: Isole Eolie. The group consists of seven islands (Lipari, Vulcano, Salina, Stromboli, Filicudi, Alicudi and Panarea) and five small islets (Basiluzzo, Dattilo, Lisca Nera, Bottaro and Lisca Bianca) in the vicinity of Panarea. (UNESCO)
  • Caltagirone (UNESCO)
  • Catania (UNESCO)
  • Cefalù Cathedral
  • Militello Val di Catania (UNESCO)
  • Modica (UNESCO)
  • Monreale Cathedral
  • Mount Etna (UNESCO)
  • Noto (UNESCO)
  • Palermo: Palazzo dei Normanni (The Norman Palace)
  • Palermo: Cappella Palatina (The Palatine Chapel in the Norman Palace)
  • Palermo: Church of San Giovanni degli Eremiti
  • Palermo: Church of Santa Maria dell'Ammiraglio (also known as the Martorana)
  • Palermo: Church of San Cataldo
  • Palermo: Cathedral of Palermo
  • Palermo: The Zisa Palace (La Zisa)
  • Palermo: The Cuba Palace (La Cuba)
  • Palazzolo Acreide (UNESCO)
  • Ragusa (UNESCO)
  • Scicli (UNESCO)
  • Syracuse and the Rocky Necropolis of Pantalica (UNESCO)